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The president pro tempore of the United States Senate (often shortened to president pro tem) is the second-highest-ranking official of the United States Senate. Article One, Section Three of the United States Constitution provides that the vice president of the United States is the president of the Senate (despite not being a senator), and mandates that the Senate must choose a president pro tempore to act in the vice president's absence. Unlike the vice president, the president pro tempore is an elected member of the Senate, able to speak or vote on any issue. Selected by the Senate at large, usually by a resolution which is adopted by unanimous consent without a formal vote, the president pro tempore has enjoyed many privileges and some limited powers. During the vice president's absence, the president pro tempore is empowered to preside over Senate sessions. Except when necessary or to highlight important votes, the vice president and the president pro tempore rarely preside; instead, the duty of presiding officer is rotated among junior U.S. senators of the majority party to give them experience in parliamentary procedure.

It was added in Version III. Kouhei Atashi is the current president pro tempore.

List of Presidents pro tempore

Portrait Name State Party Term Congress
James Ernest 2022 cropped.jpg James Ernest California Republican April 1, 2022

April 4, 2022
47th
ColdNorse.jpg ColdNorse Florida Republican April 6, 2022

April 6, 2022
48th
Kouhei Atashi.png Kouhei Atashi North Carolina Republican April 6, 2022

April 7, 2022
ColdNorse.jpg ColdNorse Florida Republican April 7, 2022

Incumbent
49th
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