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Supreme Court of the United States
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Established: March 4, 1789; 229 years ago
Location: Washington, D.C.
Composition method: Presidential nomination with Senate confirmation
Authorized by: Constitution of the United States
Judge term Length:  Life tenure
Chief Justice of the United States
Currently: SussyNoodle
Since: July 10, 2022

The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States. It has ultimate appellate jurisdiction over all U.S. federal court cases, as well as over state court cases that involve a point of federal law. It also has original jurisdiction over a narrow range of cases, specifically "all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party." The court holds the power of judicial review, the ability to invalidate a statute for violating a provision of the Constitution. It is also able to strike down presidential directives for violating either the Constitution or statutory law. However, it may act only within the context of a case in an area of law over which it has jurisdiction. The court may decide cases having political overtones but has ruled that it does not have power to decide non-justiciable political questions. Established by Article Three of the United States Constitution, the composition and procedures of the Supreme Court were initially established by the 1st Congress through the Judiciary Act of 1789. As later set by the Judiciary Act of 1869, the court consists of the chief justice of the United States and eight associate justices. Each justice has lifetime tenure, meaning they remain on the court until they die, retire, resign, or are removed from office. When a vacancy occurs, the president, with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoints a new justice. Each justice has a single vote in deciding the cases argued before the court. When in majority, the chief justice decides who writes the opinion of the court; otherwise, the most senior justice in the majority assigns the task of writing the opinion. The court meets in the Supreme Court Building in Washington, D.C. Its law enforcement arm is the Supreme Court Police.

James Ernest was the first President to appoint Justices to SCOTUS.

Membership

Current Justices

Current justices of the Supreme Court
Justice Appointed by Start date /
length of service
Succeeded
SussyNoodle Chief Justice portrait.png (Chief)
SussyNoodle
Supercid87


James Ernest

July 10, 2022 None
Gary Johnson justice portrait.png Gary Johnson
Eteranal Empress.png Eternal Empress
Kordell Coleman.jpg Kordell Coleman
Luca Balbino.png Luca Balbino
VariantBear.jpg VariantBear
Michael Cox.jpg Michael Cox
Rick Grimes.jpg Rick Grimes
David Souter.jpg David Souter Tim Ryan July 15, 2022 CivilTheFox

Former Associate Justices

Previous justices of the Supreme Court
Justice Appointed by Start date End date Length of service
CivilTheFox justice portrait.png CivilTheFox James Ernest July 10, 2022 July 15, 2022 5 days

Former Chief Justices

Previous Chief Justices of the Supreme Court
Chief Justice Appointed by Start date End date Length of service
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