Battle for the Hill Wiki
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The Senate
United States Congress
Coat of arms or logo
Seal of the United States Senate
Logo
Flag of the United States Senate
Type
Type
Upper House
Term limits
None
Leadership
Senate Majority Leader
Senate Majority Whip
Senate Minority Leader
Joshua Huggins
Senate Minority Whip
Structure
Seats100 Voting members
50 for Majority
Political groups
Majority

Minority

Vacant (TBD)
Length of term
12 days
Elections
Last election
March 31, 2022
Next election
April 4, 2022
Meeting place
United States Senate Chamber
United States Capitol
Washington, D.C
United States of America


The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, with the House of Representatives being the lower chamber. Together they compose the national bicameral legislature of the United States.

The composition and powers of the Senate are established by Article One of the United States Constitution. The Senate is composed of senators, each of whom represents a single state in its entirety. Each state is equally represented by two senators who serve staggered terms of six years. There are currently 100 senators representing the 50 states. The vice president of the United States serves as presiding officer and president of the Senate by virtue of that office, and has a vote only if the senators are equally divided. In the vice president's absence, the president pro tempore, who is traditionally the senior member of the party holding a majority of seats, presides over the Senate.

As the upper chamber of Congress, the Senate has several powers of advice and consent which are unique to it. These include the approval of treaties, and the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, federal judges (including Federal Supreme Court justices), flag officers, regulatory officials, ambassadors, other federal executive officials and federal uniformed officers. If no candidate receives a majority of electors for vice president, the duty falls to the Senate to elect one of the top two recipients of electors for that office. The Senate conducts trials of those impeached by the House.

The Senate is widely considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the House of Representatives due to its longer terms, smaller size, and statewide constituencies, which historically led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere.

From 1789 to 1913, senators were appointed by legislatures of the states they represented. They are now elected by popular vote following the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913. In the early 1920s, the practice of majority and minority parties electing their floor leaders began. The Senate's legislative and executive business is managed and scheduled by the Senate majority leader.

US Senate Classes.png

The Senate election cycle is determined by the class which the states reside. The map to the left indicates which elections are concurrent with which based on the color of the states.

Membership

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